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VITAL, Environmentally Friendly Aero Engine


Project Start: 2005; Project End: 2009

Project Coordinator: SP: SNECMA, WP: MTU München

Project Applicants / Contact: Dipl.-Ing. Mathias Moser


Global air traffic is forecast to grow at an average annual rate of 4.5 to 5% in the next 20 years. Engines are the main contributors to CO2 and NOx emissions from aircraft and are a large contributor of noise. Radically innovative engine structures and architectures need consequently to be investigated in order to achieve a more significant reduction of noise and pollution. To take the necessary steps the EU project VITAL (Environmentally Friendly Aero Engine, Contract no.: AIP4-CT-2004-012271) was started.

In the framework of this project the Institute for Thermal Turbomachinery and Machine Dynamics at Graz University of Technology has been building a Subsonic Test Turbine Facility (STTF) for experimental investigations of sound generation and propagation of low pressure turbines. This test rig was was designed in cooperation with MTU Aero Engines Munich. The aerodynamic and the acoustical design of the test rig is representative for the last stage of a modern commercial aeroengine LP turbine. The measurement section is equipped with microphones flush mounted on both inner and outer duct walls in the cylindrical duct of the turbine exit. This setup enables the decomposition of the sound field into azimuthal and radial duct modes up to a frequency of 17 kHz. Thus the dominant sound generation mechanisms, caused by the aerodynamic interaction of rotor blades with the fixed blade rows could be identified and the amount of sound power, transported in and against the flow direction, evaluated. Beyond the scope to deepen the physical understanding of noise generation in LP turbines, the test data is used for validation of numerical methods.

Properties of the test faciliy:

  • massflow: 2,5 - 15 kg/s
  • pressure ratio (max): 1,6
  • rotational speed (max): 6800 rpm
  • inlet temperature: 40 - 140 °C



Moser M., Kulhanek G., Heitmeir F., Kahl G.: "Construction of a Subsonic Test Turbine Facility for Experimental Investigations of Sound Generation and Propagation for Low Pressure Turbines"; ISABE2007-1366, International Symposium on Air Breathing Engines, 2007

Moser M., Tapken U., Enghardt L., Neuhaus L.: "Investigation of LP Turbine Blade/Vane Interaction Noise: Measurements in a 1.5 Stage Rig"; ETC Graz, 2009

Broszat D., Korte D., Tapken U., Moser M.: "Validation of turbine noise prediction tools with acoustic rig measurements", AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, Miami, 2009

  additional pictures

Figure 1: Subsonic Test Turbine Facility (STTF), general arrangement: (1) groundwork,
(2) waterbrake, (3) spiral inlet casing, (4) de-swirler, (5) rig, (6) acoustic measurement section,
(7) exhaust casing

Figure 2: Test rig with acoustic measurement section



additional pictures


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